Painting in the Visual Arts


Is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. The final work is also called a "painting."

Painting is defines as:
1. a painted picture.
2. the process or art of using paint, in a picture, as a protective coating, or as decoration.
1. an act or instance of painting.

Materials or Supplies

Includes the following.


Includes the following.

What is Viscosity?

It is the state of being thick, sticky & semi-fluid in consistency. For example, honey has a higher viscosity than water. This affects the value or tone of paint The more you thin down a paint with water the less viscoity it will have i.e. lighter it will be or if working on a toned paper or canvas, the more it will show through.

What is Opacity?

Using a black magic marker you can find out the opacity of your paint in any medium.

More Terminology

What Is Impasto?

It is the process or technique of laying paint on thick so that it physically stands out from the surface. The word ‘impasto’ (n.) is Italian for ‘dough’ or ‘mixture’ the word ‘impastare’ (v.) means to ‘to paste’

How to Impasto?

Use a brush (with or little to no medium) or a palette knife. Apply the paint thickly to the surface.

What Is Scumbling?

To modify (a painting or color) by applying a very thin coat of opaque paint over it to give it a softer or duller effect. This creates a “veil’ of color over the previous layer.

How To Scumble?

Use a DRY brush (without water or medium). Apply a small amount of paint on brush, use a paper towel to take off extra paint. It's not good to have a mass amount. Lightly “dust” the surface with the brush. You ca

What Is Glazing?

It is a layer of semi-transparent paint laid over another painted surface so the original colors still show through.

How To Glaze?

Practice only when the paint is dry. Use a THIN wash with color and a soft brush. Drag the brush over another color once or twice then let it dry

What is a Wash?

The most basic watercolor technique is the flat wash. It is produced by first wetting the area of paper to be covered by the wash, then mixing sufficient pigment to easily fill the entire area. Pigment is applied to a sloping surface (i.e. the drips or water will run down the page) in slightly overlapping horizontal bands from the top down.


Includes the following.